Do you have a dog or a puppy? If you do, you should learn about some of the most common diseases of dogs and puppies. With that said, below are some of the most common diseases that affect dogs and puppies.
- Parvovirus- This illness can affect both puppies and adult dogs, and it is contagious. Parvovirus is transmitted via unvaccinated dogs and bodily secretions. What you want to do is keep an eye out for symptoms that include fever, vomiting, and diarrhea that is accompanied by blood. Another symptom is your dog will feel weak and become dehydrated.
As for treatment, the best form of preventative treatment is vaccinating against the illness. If your dog has not been vaccinated, then bring them to the hospital, which is where they will likely receive IV fluids, and they may also be given antibiotics. It may take up to a week for your dog or puppy to make a recovery from the Parvovirus.
- Canine Distemper- This is a disease that can be prevented by getting your dog vaccinated against it. Six to eight weeks is when the first vaccination takes place and then it is given again after 9 weeks. If you want to get your dog vaccinated against distemper, then contact your dog’s veterinarian.
Some of the symptoms associated with canine distemper include sneezing and eye discharge, which is why it’s easy to think a dog has a common cold instead of distemper. Distemper can eventually turn into pneumonia, and dogs may become depressed and have a high fever when they have canine distemper. Also, if your puppy has distemper and they survive it, it can stay within your puppy’s system and breakout when they are older.
- Kennel Cough- One of the most common diseases in dogs is a kennel cough, which is caused by bacterial infection or caused by parainfluenza. Kennel cough is highly infectious and dogs that are not in kennels can get it. Puppies who are 6-8 weeks old can receive a vaccination against a kennel cough, and then 6-12 months after that they continue to receive the vaccination. However, vaccination does not mean dogs will not get the disease, but the symptoms they may experience with a kennel cough should be milder.
Kennel cough’s symptoms include a decreased appetite and lethargy, as well as fever. Puppies may develop a very deep cough. Kennel cough should be treated as soon as possible because if your dog isn’t treated, then they may develop pneumonia. It can take around two weeks for a kennel cough to run its course.
- Leptospirosis- This disease affects the liver and kidneys and can be transmitted via infected urine and contaminated water. Symptoms associated with this disease are similar to the symptoms associated with the flu. These symptoms include a high fever, vomiting, and lethargy.
Your puppy can receive a vaccination for this disease, but if your dog does get it, then they can be treated with antibiotics. Just keep in mind that not all veterinarians and clinics offer vaccinations. Antibiotics may be given to your dog for a period of four weeks or more. The length of time your dog will take antibiotics depends on how severe the disease is.
Keep in mind that the above are only a few diseases that can affect puppies and dogs. However, they are some of the most common ones. The important thing is to get your puppy or dog to a veterinarian as soon as you suspect they have a disease, even if they are only exhibiting mild symptoms. A veterinarian will be able to tell if your dog is sick with a serious disease or if it’s something you don’t really need to worry about.